Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

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Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 9:29 am

A
Breed: Appaloosa
Info: The Appaloosa (pronounced a-pa-loo-sa) takes it's name from the Palouse River that runs through Northeastern Oregon, In the United States. These Spotted horses were first bred an American Indian tribe called the Nez Perce, who lived in this area. This brave but gentle breed is now widely kept for riding purposes. The word 'Appaloosa' is used to describe a spotted coat colour.
Average Height: 15.4 h.h

B
Breed: Barb
Info: The Barb is found in the desert area of northwest Africa and is one of the oldest breeds of horse. It is a strong horse, in spite of its small build and slim legs. The Barb is a fast sprinter and has good stamina, which allows it to run long distances
Average Height: 15 h.h

C
Breed: Criollo
Info: The Criollo is a tough breed that comes from Argentina. It's name means 'Spanish Horse' Because it descended from horses that were taken from Argentina to Spain more than 400 years ago. Criollos are ridden by south American Cowboys called 'gauchos'. They help herd cattle over long distances across open grassland areas, known as the pampas.
Height: 15 h.h

D
Breed: Dartmoor
Info: The Dales Pony is native to the upper dales of North East England, and was bred specifically for the Pennine lead industry as a pack pony. Dales Ponies were also used as a work horse on small hill farms in the area and were almost wiped out when they served with the Army as pack and Mountain Artillery ponies due to their tremendous stamina, courage, intelligence and calm temperament. Today, the Dales Pony is a favorite for trekking and long distance riding, but also are popular in cross - country, performance classes, dressage and driving.
Height: 14-14.2 h.h

E
Breed: Exmoor
Info: Natural selection has designed a pony suited to survival in a cold and wet climate without the provision of food or shelter by mankind. Two features unique to the breed are the “hooded-eye”, or heavy upper brow to protect the eyes from wind and rain, and the “snow-chute”, a group of short course hairs at the top of the tail designed to channel rain and snow down away from the body. The snow-chute, or ice-tail is shed each summer and regrown each Autumn. Their summer coat is sleek and shinny, but in winter they grow a double layered coat to provide both insulation and waterproofing enabling them to stand out in the worst of weather and remain dry at skin level.
Height: 12.3 h.h

F
Breed: Fjord
Info: The Unique characteristic of the Fjord horse is the mane. The center hair of the mane is dark while the outer hair is white. The mane is cut short so it will stand erect. It is trimmed in a characteristic crescent shape to emphasize the graceful curve of the neck The white outer hair is then trimmed slightly shorter than the dark inner hair to display the dramatic dark stripe. The Fjord horse has earned a reputation as a strong, durable and pleasant-natured pony. Throughout history is has been used by the farmers of Norway as a general-purpose pony to pull loads on their hilly farms. In addition to its strength, the breed is also noted for its light and smooth action. The Fjord horse has a thick coat so that it can endure rough winters with minimal care. The combined qualities of the breed have led to its exportation to many other countries in Europe, particularly Denmark, where it has been widely used for light draft work.
Height: 14 h.h

G
Breed: Galiceno
Info: The breed has good stamina, and a fast, ground-covering, running-walk gait, which is said to be smooth and a horse comfortable to ride. They are strong, able to carry a person all day in heat and over rough terrain, despite their small size.
Height: 13.2 h.h

H
Breed: Haflinger
Info:The Haflinger is a breed of horse developed in Austria and northern Italy during the late 1800s. There are several theories as to this breed's origin, but its current conformation and appearance are the result of infusions of Arabian and various European breeds blood into the original native Tyrolean ponies. Haflinger horses are relatively small, are always chestnut in color, and have distinctive gaits described as energetic but smooth. The breed is well-muscled, but with an elegant appearance. Haflingers have many uses, including light draft and harness work as well as various under-saddle disciplines such as endurance riding, dressage, equestrian vaulting and therapeutic riding programs.
Height: 15 h.h

I
Breed: Itallian Draft Horse
Info: In appearance, the Italian Draft is a highly attractive, cobby-type horse with a quality head for a horse of its weight. They are of medium size, standing at between 15 and 16 hh, and have a compact, muscular body with well-sprung ribs and a strong back. The shoulders are generally good and very powerful, they are deep through the girth and have rounded, muscular quarters. They tend to have a short neck, which is often very thick through the jowl, and is thickset and very powerful. The legs can have rather poor conformation, being light in bone compared to their size, and having small joints. They also have a tendency toward boxy feet, which is an undesirable feature. Down the back of the legs there is some feathering, which is not seen in either the Avelignese or the Breton.
Height: 15-16 h.h

J
Breed: Jutland
info: The Jutland horse is a draft horse breed originating from Denmark. The Jutland is a medium-sized draft horse with a quick, free action. Like the Suffolk, the coat is usually chestnut color with a flaxen mane and tail, and the breed's connection with the Suffolk is evident in the compact, round body, the deep girth, and the its massive quarters. There are also some individuals within this horse breed which are black or brown but they are uncommon. In one respect, it differs entirely from the Suffolk, for the Jutland's legs carry a heavy feather that is not found in the former. The breed has a reputation for being docile, kindly, and a tireless, willing worker. The joints on the Jutland are inclined to be fleshy. The forelegs are short and set wide apart. They are coarse of feather on the lower legs. The withers are broad and flat. The neck is short and thick and they have heavily muscled shoulders and exceptionally broad chests. The head is plain and has a squared muzzle but is not unattractive.
Height: 15-16 h.h

K
Breed:
Info:
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:26 pm

K
Breed: Knabstrup
Info: The Knabstrup or Knabstrupper is a European horse breed with an unusual range of coat coloration. It shows the same color pattern as the Appaloosa, with coat patterns ranging from solid, through many variants to the full leopard spotted. Leopard Spotting is the most prized color pattern. It has warmblood comformation. The Knabstrup also instead of having a life expectancy of 25 years old, The horse can live up to 35 years old
Height: 15.1-16 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:28 pm

L
Breed: Lipizzaner
Info: The Lipizzaner's name was derived from the location in which it was first bred in 1580, the Imperial Stud at Lipizza, near Trieste. The Lipizzaner is the horse of preference for the famous Spanish Riding School of Austria. Only superlative stallions which are light gray to white in color are considered for training, which they begin at the age of five. Those stallions which demonstrate excellence at the school are eventually retired to stud at Piber, the government farm were modern Lipizzaners are bred. Those individuals not suitable for the school often become excellent hunters, three-day-event horses or driving horses. The Lipizzaner's ancestors include the Arabian, Neapolitan, Barb, Andalusian and Kladruber.
Height: 14.2-16 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:31 pm

M
Breed: Mustang
Info: The Mustang is often called "The Symbol of the American West." Mustangs are known for their rugged athleticism and qualities of endurance. Most Mustangs are of the light horse or warmblood type. Horses of draft conformation are kept on separate ranges. While the Spanish blood has been diluted, many of the horses still exhibit Spanish characteristics. There has been a firmly held belief for several decades that there were no pure Spanish-type horse remaining on the ranges of the wild horse. But in recent years a few small herds have been found in very isolated areas which have been found through blood testing to be strongly related to Spanish breeding. Among these are the Kiger and Cerat Mustangs.
Height: American mustangs: 13.2-15 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:33 pm

N
Breed: Noriker
Info: The Noriker Horse is used for riding and light Draught. The Noriker horse originated in the mountain regions of Austria a few thousand years ago and takes it's name from the ancient state of Noricum. The breed area covers the alpine areas of Austria and Germany. The Noriker Horse played an important role in the transportation of goods through the alps. At the moment there are approximated 10,000 Noriker horses in Austria and the breeding area has more than 4,600 registered stallions and mares. Today the Noriker with its size and weight, its phenotype and temperament represents a horse that fulfils to a high degree all the requirements of a modern leisure horse.
Height: 15.3-17 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:35 pm

O
Breed: Oldenburg
Info: The Oldenburg is a good example of a breed which has undergone many changes in order to keep up with the times. Originally used as a coach horse in the 17th century, the (Old Type) Oldenburg also met the various needs of German farms. As industrialization caught up with the horse it was infused with heavier blood to become a utility horse capable of working as a work horse. Again, times changed and a more refined horse was desirable. Thoroughbred and Anglo-Norman blood were introduced to produce the (Modern Type) Oldenburg which has developed into a competition breed, excelling at dressage and driving. This is the tallest and heaviest of German warmbloods. It stands between 16.2 and 17.2 hands high. Colors range between gray, black, brown, bay, but rarely chestnut. The modern Oldenburg has an average sized head with flared nostrils and pricked-up ears. The body is strong as are the hind quarters.
Height: 16-17.2 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:38 pm

P
Breed: Percheron
Info: The Percheron is a large draft horse that is very popular in the United States and Canada. It is known for its even termperament and good manners. They are a dependable animal that is willing to work. They are very useful on small farms and for forest work. They are very popular for pulling carriages and are often seen on sleigh rides and hay rides. Their noble bearing also makes them suitable for parades. They have a fine head with a wide forehead, long ears and energetic eyes. Its nose is straight with wide nostrils. Its head is set upon a long neck with a thin throat. The shoulders are slanted and the chest is deep and wide. The breastbone is moderately prominent. Its back is strong, straight and short with rounded ribs. Its girth is low and the hips are long. Its limbs are clean and sound, with powerful forearms and thighs. They are usually black in color and have an abundant mane
Height: 16.2-17.3 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:41 pm

Q
Breed: Quarter Horse
Info: The modern Quarter Horse has a small, short, refined head with a straight profile, and a strong, well-muscled body, featuring a broad chest and powerful, rounded hindquarters. They usually stand between 14 and 16 hands high, although some Halter-type and English hunter-type horses may grow as tall as 17 hands. There are two main body types: the stock type and the hunter or racing type. The stock horse type is shorter, more compact, stocky and well muscled, yet agile. The racing and hunter type Quarter Horses are somewhat taller and smoother muscled than the stock type, more closely resembling the Thoroughbred.
Height: 14.3-15.3
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:44 pm

R
Breed: Russian Don
Info: The Russian Don is robust and sturdy, well boned and muscled. The Don is the most wide–bodied of the Russian riding horses, except for several local breeds such as Kazakh. This feature, which occurs with many steppe and forest breeds, is caused by the adaptation of the horse to the rigors of continental climates, their ability to live of rough foods and accumulate in their system reserves of fat that would last them through the frosty spells in winter and drafts in summer.
Height: 15.1-16 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:48 pm

S
Breed: Shire
Info: Shire horse, a breed of draft horse native to central England. It is equal in weight to the Belgian horse and is usually slightly taller. Widely used as a war horse during the Middle Ages, it was well adapted to carry the excessive weight of armor worn by both horse and rider. The Shire was introduced to the United States in the late 1800s, but was never as popular as the Clydesdale or Percheron. It is similar in appearance to the former, with feathery fetlocks.
Height: 16.1 - 17.3hh (can be over 19hh)
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:50 pm

T
Breed: Tennessee Walking horse
Info: A light horse breed founded in middle Tennessee, the Tennessee Walking Horse is a composition of Narragansett and Canadian Pacer, Standardbred, Thoroughbred, Morgan, and American Saddlebred stock. Originally breed as a utility horse, this breed is an ideal mount for riders of all ages and levels of experience. The breed easily adapts to English or Western gear, and its calm, docile temperament combined with naturally smooth and easy gaits insure the popularity of the Tennessee Walking Horse as the "world's greatest show, trail, and pleasure horse."
Height: 15 to 17 hh, but can range from 13.2hh to 18hh
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 3:54 pm

U
Breed: Ukraine riding horse
Info: Their breeding began at Ukraine stud in Dnepropetrovsk region and subsequently continued mainly at Aleksandriisk, Derkulsk, Dnepropetrovsk and Yagolnitsk studs. The Ukrainian Saddlers are now bred mostly for sport. They are large heavy saddle horses. The head is well proportioned, the eyes expressive; the straight neck is long, as is the poll; the withers are prominent, the back long and flat, the loin broad and deep, the body heavy and the limbs well set. The build is solid.
Height: 15.1-16.1 hh
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 4:00 pm

V
Breed: Vyatka
Info: They are extremely useful and versatile ponies and have stamina, hardiness and endurance. They are used for riding and driving and are commonly used for pulling the traditional troikas; they are also useful for light agricultural work.In appearance, they have a small head, set onto a strong, thick neck. They are very powerful through the shoulders, deep through the girth and have muscular quarters. Invariably the Vyatka has a luxurious mane and tail, and in winter grows an incredibly thick coat.
Height: 13 to 14.2 hh
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 4:02 pm

W
Breed:
Info: The Welsh Pony designates a group of four related types of pony and horse native to Wales: the Welsh mountain pony (Section A), the Welsh pony (Section B), the Welsh pony of cob type (Section C), and the Welsh Cob (Section D). All sections of Welsh ponies and Welsh cobs are sure-footed with sound feet, dense bone, and are very hardy. The ponies should have a well-laid back shoulder, deep chest, short back, well-sprung rib cage and strong hindquarters. Their legs should be clean with good bone, short cannons and correct hocks. They exhibit the substance, stamina and soundness of their ancestral bloodstock. The Section A pony has a small head, large eyes, sloping shoulders, short back and short legs. The Welsh Pony has a small pony head, long neck, long sloping shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters. The Section C Welsh Pony is similar in appearance to the section D mountain pony. The breed has a quality head, long neck, strong shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters. The Welsh Section D, Welsh Cob is of similar appearance to the section C pony. The breed has a quality head, long neck, strong shoulders, deep girth, muscular back and quarters.
Height: around 12 h.h
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Fri Nov 11, 2011 4:09 pm

X
breed: Yonaguni
Info: The Yonaguni or Yonaguni uma is a breed of horse native to the southwest islands of Japan, specifically Yonaguni Island. The head is large with well-placed eyes and relatively small ears; the neck is short and thick; the shoulders tend to be straight; the back is long; the croup is often quite level with a high tail-set; the quarters are slight; the legs often tend to be splayed; the hooves are vertically long and very hard.
Height: 11 hands
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:36 am

Z
breed: Zweibrucker
Info: Zweibrucker horse is characterized by a noble expression, with long-lined and correct conformation. The head is dry, expressive, and aesthetically appealing though need not have out of the ordinary refinement. The topline is long, generous, and slightly curved featuring a medium-length neck set on rather high, a stark, laid-back wither and long sloping shoulder. The loin is well-muscled, the croup is long, slightly tilted, and muscular. The horse stands on a foundation of dry, large joints and correct limbs ending in correct, hard hooves of sufficient size. In motion the gaits are correct - no deviations when viewed from the front or rear - and expansive with a pure rhythm and suggestive of great work ethic. The qualities of freedom, elasticity, and power are paramount. The walk swings through the neck and back, while the trot is cadenced and powerful. Suspension and elasticity are effects of the ability of the horse's joints to store energy and absorb shock, thus are influential in soundness. The canter is important as an indicator of jumping suitability, and should be cadenced, balanced and powerful.
Height: 15.3 to 16.3hh at the age of 3, but deviations in either direction are not uncommon nor are they disqualifying.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:41 am

Colours~

Bay: Body color ranges from a light reddish-brown to very dark brown with "black points." (Points refer to the mane, tail, and lower legs).

Dark bay: very dark red or brown hair, difficult to distinguish from seal brown. Sometimes also called "black bay," "mahogany bay," or "brown."

Blood bay: bright red hair; often considered simply "bay."

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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:41 am

Brown: The word "brown" is used by some breed registries to describe dark bays. There is a distinct allele that darkens a bay coat to seal brown (At), but it is not the cause of all forms of dark bay. Informally, "brown" is applied to many distinct coat colors. Most often, horses described by casual observers as "brown" are actually bay or chestnut. In the absence of DNA testing, chestnut and bay can be distinguished from each other by looking at the mane, tail and legs for the presence of black points.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:42 am

Chestnut: A reddish body color with no black. Mane and tail are the same shade or lighter than the body coat. The main color variations are:

Liver chestnut: very dark brown coat. Sometimes a liver chestnut is also simply called "brown."

Sorrel: Reddish-tan to red coat, about the color of a new penny. The most common shade of chestnut.

Blond or light chestnut: seldom-used term for lighter tan coat with pale mane and tail that is not quite a dun
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:43 am

Gray: A horse with black skin but white or mixed dark and white hairs. Gray horses can be born any color, and lighten as they age. Most will eventually gray out to either a complete white or a "fleabitten" hair coat. Most "white" horses are actually grays with a fully white hair coat. A gray horse is distinguished from a white horse by dark skin, particularly noticeable around the eyes, muzzle, flanks, and other areas of thin or no hair. Variations of gray that a horse may exhibit over its lifetime include:

Salt and Pepper or "steel" gray: Usually a younger horse, an animal with white and dark hairs evenly intermixed over most of the body.

Dapple gray: a dark-colored horse with lighter rings of graying hairs, called dapples, scattered throughout.

Fleabitten gray: an otherwise fully white-haired horse that develops red hairs flecked throughout the coat.

Rose gray: a gray horse with a reddish or pinkish tinge to its coat. This color occurs with a horse born bay or chestnut while the young horse is "graying out."
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:43 am

Black: Black is relatively uncommon, though not "rare." There are two types of black, fading black and non-fading black. Most black horses will fade to a brownish color if the horse is exposed to sunlight on a regular basis. Non-fading black is a blue-black shade that does not fade in the sun. Genetically, the two cannot yet be differentiated, and some claim the difference occurs due to management rather than genetics, though this claim is hotly disputed. Most black foals are usually born a mousy grey or dun color. As their foal coat begins to shed out, their black color will show through, though in some breeds black foals are born jet black. For a horse to be considered black, it must be completely black except for white markings. A sun-bleached black horse is still black, even though it may appear to be a dark bay or brown. A visible difference between a true black and a dark chestnut or bay is seen in the fine hairs around the eyes and muzzle; on a true black these hairs are black, even if the horse is sun-bleached, on other colors, they will be lighter.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:44 am

Brindle - One of the rarest colors in horses, possibly linked to chimerism. Characteristics are any color with "zebra-like" stripes, but most common is a brown horse with faint yellowish markings.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:45 am

Buckskin- A bay horse with one copy of the cream gene, a dilution gene that 'dilutes' or fades the coat color to a yellow, cream, or gold while keeping the black points (mane, tail, legs).

Champagne: Produced by a different dilution gene than the cream gene. It lightens both skin and hair, but creates a metallic gold coat color with mottled skin and light colored eyes. Champagne horses are often confused with palomino, cremello, dun, or buckskins.

Cream dilution, an incomplete dominant gene that produces a partially diluted coat color with one copy of the allele and a full dilution with two copies. Colors produced include Palomino, Buckskin, Perlino, Cremello and Smoky Cream or Smoky black.

Cremello - A horse with a chestnut base coat and two cream genes that wash out almost all color until the horse is a pale cream or light tan color. Often called "white," they are not truly white horses, and they do not carry the white (W) gene. A cremello usually has blue eyes.

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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:46 am

Dun: Yellowish or tan coat with primitive markings, sometimes called "dun factors:" a darker-colored mane and tail, a dorsal stripe along the back and occasionally faint horizontal zebra stripings on the upper legs and a possible transverse stripe across the withers. There are several variations of dun:
Grullo, Grulla, or Blue Dun: A horse with a black base color and the dun gene. Coat is solid "mouse-colored" gray or silver with black or dark gray primitive markings.
Red dun: A chestnut base coat with dun factors. Coat is usually pale yellow or tan with chestnut (red) primitive markings.
"Bay dun" or "Zebra dun" are terms sometimes used to describe the classic dun color of yellow or tan with black primitive markings, used when necessary to distinguish it from red duns or grullos.
"Buckskin dun" or "Yellow dun" describes a dun that also carries the cream gene dilution and has a coat of pale gold with black mane, tail, legs and primitive markings.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

Post by Nicoco177 on Sat Nov 12, 2011 12:47 am

Leopard: There are a group of coat patterns caused by the leopard gene complex. It should be noted that not every horse with leopard genetics will exhibit hair coat spotting. However, even solid individuals will exhibit secondary characteristics such as vertically striped hooves, mottled skin around the eyes, lips, and genitalia, plus a white sclera of the eye. Several breeds of horse can boast leopard-spotted (a term used collectively for all patterns) individuals including the Knabstrupper, Noriker, and the Appaloosa. There are several distinct leopard patterns:

blanket: white over the hip that may extend from the tail to the base of the neck. The spots inside the blanket (if present) are the same color as the horse's base coat.

varnish roan: a mix of body and white hairs that extends over the entire body—no relation to true roan

snowflake: white spots on a dark body. Typically the white spots increase in number and size as the horse ages.

leopard: dark spots of varying sizes over a white body.

few spot leopard: a nearly white horse from birth that retains color just above the hooves, the knees, 'armpits', mane and tail, wind pipe, and face

frost: similar to varnish but the white hairs are limited to the back, loins, and neck.
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Re: Stuck for horse breeds and colours? (not finished yet)

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